Donald E. Kalsched Ph.D. is a Jungian analyst, clinical psychologist, supervising and training analyst with the Inter-Regional Association of Jungian Analysts, and faculty member of the Westchester Institute for Training in Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy. His writings focus on the area of early trauma and the effect that overwhelming childhood experiences have on the inner world of the trauma survivor. He has attempted to show how archetypal energies and structures in the deep unconscious come to the aid of the beleaguered ego of the trauma victim, assuring the survival of an "imperishable personal spirit" or soul--protecting it at all costs, while (paradoxically) at the same time-- persecuting it. This dynamic, which he considers a major "spiritual" problem in our time, is the subject of his book The Inner World of Trauma: Archetypal Defenses of the Personal Spirit. He is working on a second book Trauma and the Soul in which the spiritual dimensions of his previous findings are explored.